SCYON Abstract

Received on December 12 2005

The Bologna Open Cluster Chemical Evolution (BOCCE)
Project: midterm results from the photometric sample

AuthorsAngela Bragaglia and Monica Tosi
INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna
Accepted byAstronomical Journal
Links Be 21 / Be 22 / Be 29 / Cr 110 / Cr 261 / NGC 2099 / NGC 2168 / NGC 2243 / NGC 2323 / NGC 2506 / NGC 2660 / NGC 6253 / NGC 6819 / NGC 6939 / NGC 7790 / Pi 2


We describe a long term project aimed at deriving information on the chemical evolution of the Galactic disk from a large sample of open clusters. The main property of this project is that all clusters are analyzed in a homogeneous way, to guarantee the robustness of the ranking in age, distance and metallicity. Special emphasis is devoted to the evolution of the earliest phases of the Galactic disk evolution, where clusters have superior reliability with respect to other types of evolution indicators. The project is twofold: on the one hand we derive age, distance and reddening (and indicative metallicity) interpreting deep and accurate photometric data with stellar evolution models, and, on the other hand, we derive the chemical abundances from high-resolution spectroscopy. Here we describe our overall goals and approaches, and report on the mid-term project status of the photometric part, with 16 clusters already studied, covering an age interval from 0.1 to 6 Gyr and Galactocentric distances from 6.6 to 21 kpc. The importance of quantifying the theoretical uncertainties by deriving the cluster parameters with various sets of stellar models is emphasized. Stellar evolution models assuming overshooting from convective regions appear to better reproduce the photometric properties of the cluster stars. The examined clusters show a clear metallicity dependence on the Galactocentric distance and no dependence on age. The tight relation between cluster age and magnitude difference between the main sequence turn off and the red clump is confirmed.