SCYON Abstract

Received on May 15 2001

NGC 7654: An interesting cluster to study star formation history

AuthorsA.K. Pandey1, Nilakshi1, K. Ogura2, Ram Sagar1, K. Tarusawa3
Affiliation1State Observatory, Manora Peak, Naini Tal, 263 129, India,
2Kokugakuin University, Higashi, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150-8440, Japan,
3Kiso Observatory, School of Science, University of Tokyo, Mitake-mura, Kiso-gun, Nagano 397-0101, Japan
Accepted by
Links NGC 7654


CCD UBVIc photometry in a wide field around the open cluster NGC 7654 has been carried out for ~ 17860 stars, down to V ~ 20. The reddening across the cluster region is found to be variable with E(B-V)min = 0.46 to E(B-V)max = 0.80. The cluster is situated at a distance of 1380 ± 70 pc. The colour magnitude diagrams show a large age spread in the ages. Star formation was biased towards relatively higher masses during the early phase of star formation whereas most of the low mass stars of the cluster were formed during the later phase. The star formation seems to have been a gradual process that proceeded sequentially in mass and terminated with the formation of most massive stars. The present data do not support a uniform mass function (MF) for different regions in the cluster. Although for the whole cluster region, the MF in the observed mass range 0.8 < MO < 4.5 , can be represented by a single power law with a slope Gamma= -1.40 ± 0.07, however it indicates various features when examined carefully. In three subregions of the cluster the slope Gamma, for the mass range ~ 1.5 << MO < 4.0$, comes out to be -1.07 ± 0.08 and -1.28 ± 0.20 for the inner and intermediate regions and it becomes steeper in the outermost region (Gamma = -2.78 ± 0.21). For stars having masses < ~ 1.5MO the MF, in the inner and intermediate regions, can be represented by a power law having a steeper slope, whereas in the outer region a turnover can be seen in the MF at M ~ 1.5 MO. The age of NGC 7654 is found to be comparable to its two-body relaxation time-scale; therefore this may also be a reason for the observed mass segregation in the cluster.