SCYON Abstract

Received on August 21 2006

Chemically peculiar stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud

AuthorsE. Paunzen(1), H.M. Maitzen(1), O.I. Pintado(2), A. Claret(3), I.Kh. Iliev(4) and M. Netopil(1)
(1) Institute for Astronomy, University Vienna, Austria
(2) Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Tecnologia, Universidad Nacional de Tucuman, Argentina
(3) Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia, CSIC, Granada, Spain
(4) Institute of Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory, Smolyan, Bulgaria
Accepted byAstronomy & Astrophysics


The detection of magnetic chemically peculiar (CP2) stars in open clusters of extragalactic systems can give observational answers to many unsolved questions. The mean percentage of CP2 stars in the Milky Way is of the order of 5% for the spectral range from early B- to F-type, luminosity class V objects. The origin of the CP2 phenomenon seems to be closely connected to the overall metallicity and global magnetic field environment. The theoretical models are still only tested by observations in the Milky Way. It is therefore essential to provide high quality observations in rather different global environments. The young clusters NGC 2136/7 were observed in the Delta a photometric system. This intermediate band photometric system samples the depth of the 520nm flux depression by comparing the flux at the center with the adjacent regions with bandwidths of 11nm to 23nm. The Delta a photometric system is most suitable for detecting CP2 stars with high efficiency, but is also capable of detecting a small percentage of non-magnetic CP objects. We present high precision photometric Delta a observations of 417 objects in NGC 2136/7 and its surrounding field, of which five turned out to be bona fide magnetic CP stars. In addition, we discovered two Be/Ae stars. From our investigations of NGC 1711, NGC 1866, NGC 2136/7, their surroundings, and one independent field of the LMC population, we derive an occurrence of classical chemically peculiar stars of 2.2(6)% in the LMC, which is only half the value found in the Milky Way. The mass and age distribution of the photometrically detected CP stars is not different from that of similar objects in galactic open clusters.