SCYON Abstract

Received on: 18 10 2022

The relation between globular cluster systems and supermassive black holes in spiral galaxies III. The link to the $M_\bullet-M_\ast$ correlation

Authors:R. A. González-Lópezlira 1, L. Lomelí-Núñez 1,2, Y. Ordenes-Briceño 3, and 6 co-authors
Affiliations:(1) Instituto de Radioastronomia y Astrofisica, UNAM, Campus Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico; (2) Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica, Tonantzintla, Puebla, Mexico; (3) Instituto de Astrofísica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Macul, Santiago, Chile
Accepted by: Astrophysical Journal

We continue to explore the relationship between globular cluster total number, $N_{\rm GC}$, and central black hole mass, $M_\bullet$, in spiral galaxies. We present here results for the Sab galaxies NGC 3368, NGC 4736 (M 94) and NGC 4826 (M 64), and the Sm galaxy NGC 4395. The globular cluster (GC) candidate selection is based on the ($u^*$ - $i^\prime$) versus ($i^\prime$ - $K_s$) color-color diagram, and $i^\prime$-band shape parameters. We determine the $M_\bullet$ versus $N_{\rm GC}$ correlation for these spirals, plus NGC 4258, NGC 253, M 104, M 81, M 31, and the Milky Way. We also redetermine the correlation for the elliptical sample in Harris, Poole, & Harris (2014), with updated galaxy types from Sahu et al. 2019b. Additionally, we derive total stellar galaxy mass, $M_\ast$, from its two-slope correlation with $N_{\rm GC}$ (Hudson, Harris, & Harris 2014), and fit $M_\bullet$ versus $M_\ast$ for both spirals and ellipticals. We obtain log $M_\bullet \propto$ (1.01 $\pm$ 0.13) log $N_{\rm GC}$ for ellipticals, and log $M_\bullet \propto$ (1.64 $\pm$ 0.24) log $N_{\rm GC}$ for late type galaxies (LTG). The linear $M_\bullet$ versus $N_{\rm GC}$ correlation in ellipticals could be due to statistical convergence through mergers, but not the much steeper correlation for LTG. However, in the $M_\bullet$ versus total stellar mass ($M_\ast$) parameter space, with $M_\ast$ derived from its correlation with $N_{\rm GC}$, $M_\bullet \propto$ (1.48 $\pm$ 0.18) log $M_\ast$ for ellipticals, and $M_\bullet \propto$ (1.21 $\pm$ 0.16) log $M_\ast$ for LTG. The observed agreement between ellipticals and LTG in this parameter space may imply that black holes and galaxies co-evolve through "calm" accretion, AGN feedback, and other secular processes.

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