SCYON Abstract

Received on: 17 07 2023

Revisiting the old end of the Milky Way open cluster age function

Authors:A. E. Piatti 1,2
Affiliations:(1) Instituto Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Básicas (ICB), CONICET-UNCUYO, Mendoza, Argentina; (2) Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina
Accepted by: Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy

The age distribution of the open cluster system is a key piece of information to decipher the star formation history of the Milky Way disk. Recently, a remarkable earlier drop of its older end was found, which caught our attention. Precisely, we analyzed in detail the population of open clusters older than 1 Gyr located inside a circle of 2.0 kpc from the Sun contained in the Milky Way Star Cluster catalog, using the Data Release 3.0 of the Gaia survey, and found that it contains a slightly larger old open cluster population with respect to that witnessing the earlier drop age distribution. However, there are still some aspects that deserve further attention in order to undoubtedly handle a statistically complete cluster sample, that allows us to comprehensively know the older end of the open cluster age distribution function. We discuss some reasons that affect such a completeness, among them, the photometric depth of the database employed, the performance of machine learning techniques used to recognize open clusters, the cleaning of cluster color-magnitude diagrams from field star contamination, etc.

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